A continuous-flow process for the preparation of m-nitrothioanisole has been set up. The starting material m-nitroaniline was diazotized to give diazonium chloride, followed by azo-coupling with sodium thiomethoxide to give 1-(methylthio)-2-(3-nitrophenyl)diazene, then dediazoniated to gain m-nitrothioanisole in high yield. The continuous-flow process minimized accumulation of the energetic intermediate diazonium salt and has a better capacity for adapting large-scale production. A solvent was introduced in the azo-coupling section to create a biphasic flow system. Side products were inhibited eminently in this flow process.
Continuous-Flow Process for the Synthesis of m-Nitrothioanisole
† National Engineering Research Center for Process Development of Active Pharmaceutical Ingredients, Collaborative Innovation Center of Yangtze River Delta Region Green Pharmaceuticals, Zhejiang University of Technology, Hangzhou 310014, P. R. China
‡ Key Laboratory for Green Pharmaceutical Technologies and Related Equipment of Ministry of Education, College of Pharmaceutical Sciences, Zhejiang University of Technology, Hangzhou 310014, P. R. China
Org. Process Res. Dev., Article ASAP
Publication Date (Web): March 24, 2016
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